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Monday, August 3, 2020 | History

2 edition of Fire and explosion hazards of peroxy compounds. found in the catalog.

Fire and explosion hazards of peroxy compounds.

American Society for Testing and Materials. Committee E-15 on Analysis and Testing of Industrial Chemicals.

Fire and explosion hazards of peroxy compounds.

by American Society for Testing and Materials. Committee E-15 on Analysis and Testing of Industrial Chemicals.

  • 334 Want to read
  • 37 Currently reading

Published by American Society for Testing and Materials in Philadelphia .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Peroxides.,
  • Explosions.

  • Edition Notes

    Bibliography: p. 20-24.

    SeriesASTM special technical pubication, no. 394
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsTP290.P5 A45
    The Physical Object
    Pagination24 p.
    Number of Pages24
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL5954033M
    LC Control Number65027717
    OCLC/WorldCa567561

      Process Safety and Disaster Prevention Laboratory, Dept. of Environmental and Safety Engineering, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Yunlin, Taiwan , ROC Yih‐Shing Duh Jin‐Teh Junior College of Medicine, . Hazards 4 Hazards Fire and explosion Fire and explosion are the main hazards associated with the use, transport and storage of flammable liquids. For a fire to start, the following conditions are simultaneously required: fuel (gas, vapour or combustible dust) of concentration within the flammable range oxygen (sufficient supply).

    /GUIDE ORGANIC PEROXIDES (HEAT AND CONTAMINATION SENSITIVE)/ Fire or Explosion: May explode from heat or contamination. May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames. May burn rapidly with flare-burning effect. Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard. (ERG, ) U.S. Department of Transportation, Transport Canada, and Secretariat of Communications and Transport of Mexico, with collaboration from Argentina's Centro de Información Química para Emergencias. Emergency Response Guidebook.

    Specific Hazards Arising from the Chemical In closed unventilated containers, risk of rupture due to the increased pressure from decomposition. Contact with combustible material may cause fire Hazardous Combustion ProductsOn decomposition product releases oxygen which may intensify fire. Explosion data Sensitivity to Mechanical ImpactNot sensitive. Ethylene oxide, called oxirane by IUPAC, is an organic compound with the formula C 2 H 4 is a cyclic ether and the simplest epoxide: a three-membered ring consisting of one oxygen atom and two carbon ne oxide is a colorless and flammable gas with a faintly sweet odor. Because it is a strained ring, ethylene oxide easily participates in a number of addition .


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Fire and explosion hazards of peroxy compounds by American Society for Testing and Materials. Committee E-15 on Analysis and Testing of Industrial Chemicals. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Fire and explosion hazards of peroxy compounds. [American Society for Testing and Materials. Committee E on Analysis and Testing of Industrial Chemicals.; ASTM International.].

The detonation theory is used to clarify the explosive characteristics of both organic and inorganic peroxy compounds. Some typical accidents are described. The hazards involved in the use of a large number of peroxy compounds are tabulated for use by laboratory workers handling these compounds for the first : H.

Castrantas, D. Banerjee, D. Noller. Fire and Explosion Hazards of Peroxy Compounds. Committee E Published: Format: Pages: Price: PDF (K) $ ADD TO CART: Hardcopy (shipping and handling) $ ADD TO CART: Hardcopy + PDF Bundle - Save 25% (shipping and handling) $ ADD TO CART: ASTM License Agreement.

Fire and explosion hazards of hydrogen peroxide have also been discussed by Merrifield. It is to be appreciated that hazards can arise even with using low concentrations of peroxy compounds (e.g.

as may be encountered in detergent formulations and hence a need to establish the stability of formulated products).Cited by: 4. The instability of peroxy compounds is illustrated using cameo case histories to relate theory and practice.

Fire and Explosion Hazards Associated. The main hazard related to organic peroxides are their fire and explosion hazards. Organic peroxides may also be toxic or corrosive. Depending on the material, route of exposure (inhalation, eye or skin contact, or swallowing) and dose or amount of exposure, they could harm the body.

Corrosive organic peroxides can also attack and destroy metals. Inorganic peroxy compounds are potent oxidizers that pose fire or explosion hazards when in contact with ordinary combustible materials. Inorganic peroxides react with organic compounds to generate organic peroxide and hydroperoxide products and react violently with reducing agents (6).

American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). Fire and Explosion Hazards of Peroxy Compounds. ASTM Special Technical Publication and health hazards.

Information may also be included on shipping and storage, fire and explosion hazards, hazardous reactions, specific toxicological hazards, disposal and destruc-tion, and analysis. Information on all these topics may not be given, because the information may not be available.

A list of references is included at the end of. Organic peroxides are organic compounds containing the peroxide functional group (ROOR′). If the R′ is hydrogen, the compounds are called organic hydroperoxides. Peresters have general structure RC(O)OOR.

The O−O bond easily breaks, producing free radicals of the form RO • (the dot represents an unpaired electron).Thus, organic peroxides are useful as initiators for some.

and a FIRE and EXPLOSION HAZARD. IDENTIFICATION Potassium is a soft silvery metal. It is used as a component of fertilizers and as a laboratory reagent. addition, as part of an ongoing education and training REASON FOR CITATION * Potassium is on the Hazardous Substance List because it is cited by DOT and NFPA.

Chapter 22 of The hand book of h A heat balance analysis shows that the total heat release rate of a peroxy-fuel fire is contributed equally by convection and radiation. Fire and explosion. Find response information for thousands of hazardous materials, including fire and explosion hazards, health hazards, firefighting techniques, cleanup procedures, protective clothing, and chemical properties.

MyChemicals Build a list of chemicals. For example, substances involved in an incident response (such as a train derailment) or chemicals. The guide numbers refer to the orange pages in the book. which this spells out the hazards encountered in the event of transportation related release and the immediate emergency response procedures.

Orange pages. emergency response guides, which include the potential hazards to health, risk of fire or explosion, and emergency response. guide to the hazards and safety issues associated with the laboratory use, handling,andstorageofinorganicand organic peroxy-compounds and per-oxide-forming compounds.

The relatively weak oxygen-oxygen linkage (bond-dissociation energy of 20 to 50 kcal mole!1) is the character-istic structure of organic and inor-ganic peroxide molecules, and. Sharma, A., Mishra, K.B., Performance-bsaed fire safety design of modern infrastructure, National Conference on Safety, Cochin University of Science and Technology, DecemberCochin.

Mishra, K.B., Modelling-based risk assessment of gas dispersion and explosion in real configuration, 2 nd Oil and Gas HSE Conclave, December Mishra, K.B., Wehrstedt, K.-D., Schönbucher, A., Characterization of large pool fires of organic compounds containing oxygen atoms, Proceedings of 13th International symposium on loss prevention and safety promotion in the process industries, June, Brugge, Belgium, ISBN A material's flammable or explosive limits also relate to its fire and explosion hazards.

These limits give the range between the lowest and highest concentrations of vapour in air that will burn or explode. The lower flammable limit or lower explosive limit (LFL or LEL) of gasoline is percent; the upper flammable limit or upper explosive.

Its chemical characteristics are such that it presents fire, explosion, compatibility, and safety hazards for the user to evaluate.

It is hoped that this special report will assist those involved with handling NTO in the assessment of the hazards associated with the use of NTO. Fire and explosion hazards associated with storage and transportation of flammable materials have been a matter of great interest in the recent times.

BLEVE is a scenario that occurs when a closed fuel container is subjected to heat for a longer duration.

Such events are disastrous to human beings and assets both. In the past there have been. An illustration of an open book.

Books. An illustration of two cells of a film strip. Video. An illustration of an audio speaker. Audio. An illustration of a " floppy disk. Software.

An illustration of two photographs. Full text of "Fire and Explosion Hazards Handbook of .ZINC METAL is a reducing agent. Reacts violently with oxidants causing fire and explosion hazards [Handling Chemicals Safely p.

]. In the presence of carbon, the combination of chlorine trifluoride with zinc results in a violent reaction [Mellor 2, Supp. 1: ].at low concentrations – to form peroxy compounds.

The risk associated with peroxide formation increases if the peroxide crystallizes or becomes concentrated by evaporation or distillation. Factors that affect rate of peroxide formation include exposure to air, light and heat, moisture, and contamination from metals.